If you've ever wondered, let me say no. Intelligence and IQ are not the same.
Intelligence and IQ are 2 very different concepts.
In a nutshell:
For a better understanding of the difference between these 2 concepts, I will explain each of them separately.
There are many ways to define what intelligence means. One of the most complete is the following:
It is a very general mental capacity that, among other things, involves the ability to reason, plan, solve problems, think abstractly, understand complex ideas, learn quickly, and learn from experience. It is not simply book learning, limited academic ability, or test-taking intelligence. Rather, it reflects a broader and deeper ability to understand our environment: "understand," "make sense" of things, or "discover" what to do. Opinion in the Wall Street Journal signed by 52 researchers (1994)
In other words, intelligence implies certain capacities that are associated with the analysis, reasoning, learning and understanding of how people or things work, and in general the world.
Commonly a person is classified as intelligent when he possesses certain logical-mathematical abilities. While it is correct, there are also other abilities that denote intelligence.
Throughout your life, in school, university or anywhere else, I am sure that you have met people who are like the following:
Each of these people excel in a different area, and they have different abilities.
Which leads us to question how is the intelligence measured for people with great skills associated with communication, dance, art, music, etc.
Intelligence has traditionally been defined as a mental ability that includes a set of distinct skills.
Over time, different ways of defining intelligence have emerged. One that stands out for its popularity is the so-called: “Theory of multiple intelligences”, studied by Howard Gardner and characterized by 2 premises:
Human beings possess a range of capabilities and potentials -multiple intelligences- that can be used in many productive ways, both together and separately. And the knowledge of the multiple intelligences offers the possibility of being able to deploy with maximum flexibility and efficiency in the performance of the different functions defined by each society. Howard Gardner
Based on the above, having one type of intelligence does not necessarily imply standing out in others.
So it is wrong to say that an individual who is very good at chess is more or less intelligent than someone who plays the violin very well. They are both smart in their own way.
As described by Howard Gardner and his team at Harvard University, there are 12 types of multiple intelligence.
Ability to use language effectively.
Mastery of language and communication.
Ability to reason in 3 dimensions.
Ability to appreciate, transform and express musical forms.
Ability to manage strength, coordination, balance, body expression.
Ability to empathize with others.
Capacity that allows us to know ourselves through self-analysis.
Ability to categorize elements of the environment.
Ability of individuals to recognize their own emotions and those of others.
Ability to delve into existential aspects.
Ability to create something new that makes a contribution to society.
Capacity that allows to face challenges or solve problems collectively.
Gardner's classification gives us a much broader picture of what intelligence means.
Gardner and his team's approach to defining intelligence contributed a lot to educational models, as:
Provides a conceptual basis for the categorization and detection of skills at an early age in order to focus efforts on enhancing these capabilities and generating quality human talent.
The IQ represents an estimate of intelligence, limited to logical mathematical reasoning. It is obtained as a result of the application of an standardized intelligence test.
The following factors intervene to calculate the IQ:
|Score||It is obtained by solving an intelligence test.|
|Chronological age||It is the age of the individual who solves the test.|
|Mental age||Age assigned to the subject according to the score obtained when solving the test.|
|Quotient||It is the division of mental age by chronological age.|
If a 14-year-old takes an IQ test and his score matches the average IQ that 17-year-olds have when solving the same test, then:
If you are curious, you can take an online test and know your results immediately.
Do you dare to discover your IQ today? 😉.
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What is your IQ?